In his report published ahead of the 37th session of the UN Human Rights Council, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein said the "authorities have not yet demonstrated the capacity or willingness to address impunity for gross violations and abuses of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law", arguing the failure to show major progress in emblematic cases strengthens the argument for "the establishment of a specialized court to deal with the most serious crimes committed by State actors in the context of conflict... staffed by specialized personnel and supported by international practitioners". 

Reiterating his call for member states to use universal jurisdiction in order to foster accountability, the report said that for such a mechanism of accountability to be credible and trusted by the victimes "it would require a substantial degree of external support. In the absence of such a mechanism, OHCHR calls...